An Army chaplain baptizes a corporal in the ornate fountain at Caserta.
American artillery observers keep their field glasses glued on enemy fortifications being pounded by artillery shelling in valley near San Pietro, Italy. 19 December 1943.
Stream “A Tough Gut rather than a Soft Underbelly: Fighting in Italy” live now with Dr. Robert Citino, Col. Roger Cirillo, and Alex Kershaw from the International Conference on WWII.
(Image: U.S. Army Signal Corps photograph, from the collection of The National World War II Museum)
Polish flag flying over the ruins of conquered Monte Cassino monastery.
"The Battle of Monte Cassino (also known as the Battle for Rome and the Battle for Cassino) was a costly series of four assaults by the Allies against the Winter Line in Italy held by the Germans and Italians during the Italian Campaign of World War II. The intention was a breakthrough to Rome.
At the beginning of 1944, the western half of the Winter Line was being anchored by Germans holding the Rapido, Liri, and Garigliano valleys and some of the surrounding peaks and ridges. Together, these features formed the Gustav Line. Monte Cassino, a historic hilltop abbey founded in AD 529 by Benedict of Nursia, dominated the nearby town of Cassino and the entrances to the Liri and Rapido valleys, but had been left unoccupied by the German defenders. The Germans had, however, manned some positions set into the steep slopes below the abbey’s walls.
Fearing that the abbey did form part of the Germans’ defensive line, primarily as a lookout post, the Allies sanctioned its bombing on 15 February and American bombers proceeded to drop 1,400 tons of bombs onto it. The destruction and rubble left by the bombing raid now provided better protection from aerial and artillery attacks, so, two days later, German paratroopers took up positions in the abbey’s ruins. Between 17 January and 18 May, Monte Cassino and the Gustav defences were assaulted four times by Allied troops, the last involving twenty divisions attacking along a twenty-mile front. The German defenders were finally driven from their positions, but at a high cost.” (source)
A Guide to PTSD: Soldiers
Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): one of the causes is military combat or combat exposure, which naturally, happens to soldiers, both men and women. In this guide, we will be exploring how soldiers, people who face the most stressful situations on a routine basis, will be affected with PTSD.
Disclaimer: I am not an expert in PTSD, and the diagnosis of mental disorders (MD) like these has been widely debated and updated by practitioners, experts and even people with the disorders themselves. All information has been found on the internet and credible sources are located at the bottom.